Eurasian Plate: Location, Tectonic boundary type and Movement

megalodon

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The Eurasian plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of Europe, Russia, and China. It is the third largest plate, slightly smaller than the Pacific plate and the North American plate.

An overview of the Eurasian plate
The Eurasian plate is the third largest tectonic plate consisting of most of Europe, Russia, and parts of Asia. It also contains parts of the Atlantic and the Arctic ocean. It has an approximate area of 67,800,000 sq. kms.



Image Source: https://www.texasgateway.org/resource/introduction-plate-tectonics

Location of the Eurasian plate
The Eurasian plate covers vast regions and includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass covering Europe and Asia) excluding Indian subcontinent, Arabian subcontinent, and some other regions. It contains some of the following countries in their entirety: England, Germany, Austria, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Finland, Ukraine, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan.

Tectonic boundary type of the Eurasian plate
The Eurasian plate shares a boundary with the North American plate to the North, the Amurian plate to the East, the Arabian plate and the Indian plate to the South, and the African plate to the North-West.

The North American plate and the Eurasian plate boundary type
The westerly side is a divergent boundary with the North American plate forming the northern most part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which is straddled by Iceland where it tears the country in two separate pieces at a rate of 2.5 to 3 cm per year. All of the volcanic eruptions in Iceland are a result of this divergent boundary where the North American and the Eurasian plates are moving apart.

The Indian plate and the Eurasian plate boundary type
There is a convergent boundary between the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate. The collision of the Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian plate began 50 million years ago resulting in the orogenic belt that created the Himalayan mountains and the Tibetan plateau.

Eurasian plate movement
The tectonic plates move very slow. The Eurasian plate as a whole moves at a rate of just 7-14 millimeters per year. It diverges away from the North American plate at a rate of around 3 cms per year.
 

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