What is Engineering Geology?


Staff member
Jun 3, 2020
Engineering Geology is the application of Geology for Engineering constructions. The development of Engineering structures requires the assessment of the area for stability, risks and natural disasters. For example, the earthquakes, floods, landslides, tsunamis, erosion, ground subsidence, weak soils, water seepage etc pose a threat to the longevity of the construction. Giving a deaf ear to these considerations can result in the construction of roads or bridges that are washed away during the floods. Moreover, some constructions like dams require specific Geological conditions. So, it takes a lot of research to identify the favorable locations, assess the risks of failure and predict the natural disasters in the area.

Engineering Geology is studied as a part of Geology, Mining Engineering, Civil Engineering and several other fields. The Geotechnical Engineering is a major branch of Mining Engineering which deals with the stability of rocks and support requirement. Although most mining companies either leave the responsibility to Geologists or have limited staff for Geotech, the subject is highly important, particularly considering that the mining developments are not planned to be permanent. The civil constructions like bridges and tunnels are planned to be permanent structures, and the lack of firm Geological assessment could result in serious implications.

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